Reaching the un-served population and urban poor

Sanitation facilities are not accessible to a considerable proportion of the population in Odisha. These include the poorest of the poor, the vulnerable and marginalised like the homeless, rag pickers and migrants. For providing access to these sections, the following steps need to be taken:

• Sanitation will be a basic service and de-linked from tenure. ULBs and other service providers should not have any problems in extending sanitation provisions in un-authorised settlements. Access to sanitation facilities will not automatically accrue the benefit of tenure/ land rights. Necessary modifications to existing law/rules to make this practicable would need to be initiated by the state government through the SSNA.

• Adequate community and public toilets need to be created and maintained with 24x7 water supply. Guidelines for these toilets will be prepared at the state level, including technical design options suitable for different locations and user groups, processes for stakeholders’ engagement, capacity estimation, management rules, Operations and Maintenance. Financial options with share of contributions from user groups, support organisation, ULB, state government and central government for capital expenditure will be made clear. Operations and maintenance are the key responsibility of the user group and ULB concerned as specified by the state guidelines. It can be done through PPCP mode.